HEALTHY or NOT? Do Genetic failures belong to dog BREEDS or to the canine SPECIES? A comparative international study of 100,000 (!) pure-bred and cross-bred dogs related to their genetic status. Which Group is more affected with Genetic Failures?
It took until 10 April 1921 for a meeting reconstituting the FCI to be held in Paris, with work resuming under the presidency of the Duke of Lesparre. The Société Centrale Canine pour l’Amélioration des Races de Chiens en France is represented by the Count Clary, Duke of Lesparre and Baron Jaubert; the Société Royale Saint-Hubert is represented by Baron Houtart and Mr V. Du Pré. The Assembly unanimously approves the Statutes and Regulations of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale and declares the foundation of the Federation.
The fee per event due to the FCI is set to 100 BEF (2.5
€) and the membership fee amounts to 500 BEF (12.5 €). At the end of the Assembly, Count Clary is elected
President and Baron Houtart, Secretary-Treasurer. Thanks to his efforts, his
activity and capability, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale will have a
June 1921, the first two CACIB shows organised after the re-creation of the FCI
take place in Brussels, a total of eleven CACIB’s are awarded. In addition, the same year, the first CACIT
competitions are held in Corroy-le Château (Belgium) and 1 CACIT is awarded.
On May 28th, 1922 in Paris, the FCI President, Count
Clary, opens the meeting with the following words: “Over the last seven years, our Fédération Cynologique Internationale,
first in a state of lethargy, then dissolved, has lived on memories of the
past, nourishing the hope of being reborn. In the silence of the war years, it
seemed that all social life had stopped breathing. It gives us great pleasure
to have resurrected our Federation and started its heart beating regularly
again on 10 April 1921.”
Royale Saint-Hubert and the Société
Centrale pour l’Amélioration des Races de Chiens en France are the two
associations responsible for reconstituting the FCI, helping it to regain its
position and expand its work for the future of cynology.
The Dutch Raad
van Beheer immediately joins in, with Spain and Italy soon to follow.
The following national associations are present at the meeting: The Société Centrale pour l’Amélioration des Races de Chiens en France, represented by the Duke of Lesparre, Count Clary and Baron Jaubert; The Société Royale Saint-Hubert, Union des Sociétés Canines de Belgique, represented by Mr Du Pré and Mr Albert Houtart; The Raad van Beheer op Kynologisch Gebied in Nederland, represented by Mr G.J. van der Vliet; The Real Sociedad Central de Fomento de las Razas Caninas en España, represented by Mr Albert Houtart; The Kennel Club Italiano, represented by Mr Houtart.
At this meeting the members decide to create a special
category of members – the so-called “associate members” – for national canine
associations from countries which, due to their distance or other valid
reasons, are not able to become full FCI members. Such associated members would
only be bound to the Federation by the text and within the limits of specific
mutually adopted agreements, including the joint recognition of pedigrees, kennel
names and sanctions. Associated members would not be represented on the FCI general
committee and they would only be allowed to take part in General Assemblies in
a consultative capacity.
At this meeting it is pointed out that two sanctions
have been taken by the Société Royale
Saint-Hubert and sent to member organisations, one for a “false declaration
in the drafting of a pedigree”, the other for “incorrect behaviour towards a
judge in the exercise of his duties”. Things haven’t changed much since then!
The 1922-23 presidency is unanimously awarded to
Mr Du Pré, the 1st vice-president of the Société Royale Saint-Hubert, with Mr G.J. van der Vliet, president
of the Raad van Beheer as
1911 therefore is the year in which the FCI was
founded. Its establishment is the result of the efforts of experienced and
perseverant cynologists and cynophiles from Germany, Austria, Belgium, France
and Holland. The economic situation at that time – often referred to as the
“Belle Epoque” – is favourable for that.
the date of its creation and the dramatic first World War, the FCI holds
different General Assemblies. The first
conference to take place after the FCI is founded is in Amsterdam, in 1912,
under the presidency of the Duke of Lesparre.
In his opening speech, he refers to the mistrust of the different kennel
clubs that see the FCI as a possible threat against their authority and
independence. The Duke of Lesparre’s motto is “Ni conquérants, ni conspirateurs”
(“neither conquerors, nor conspirators”).
The very first CACIB show
ever conducted is organised in Brussels on 6-7-8 April 1912 followed by others in France
(Paris and Lyon) and in The Netherlands (Amsterdam). Simultaneoulsy, the very first CACIT trials
take place in Belgium (Beuzet) and France (Sandricourt).
Amsterdam, Dr Kloppert reports on the first financial accounts of the FCI (as
of end 1911). They show a loss of 163
Dutch Florins (80 €) which Dr Kloppert has paid himself!
national canine organisations of Spain (Real Sociedad Canina en España), Italy
(Kennel Club Italiano) and the United States of America (American Kennel Club)
are accepted as FCI members, the latter under different conditions still to be
important decision is made and worth a mention: the elected president’s mandate
starts at the end of the General Assembly.
He then manages the work and chairs the next General Assembly that will
take place in his country.
following year, in March 1913, the third General Assembly is celebrated in
Berlin (Germany) under the FCI President, Lieutenant-Colonel Rausch. The financial situation (as of end of 1912)
has improved with a credit of 3.12 Dutch Florins (1.6 €)!!!
Baron W. del Marmol (BE) is elected President.
However, for health reasons, he cannot carry out his function and the
presidency is taken over by Mr Victor Du Pré.
1914 General Assembly takes place in Brussels, on March 30. Mr Du Pré praises the deceased President and
informs, regretfully, that Dr Kloppert, who has been the cement of the FCI
foundation, has decided to retire. The
Baron Houtart (Belgium) is given the post of “Secretary-Treasurer” for a 3-year
Every (federated) member provides the FCI with the list of their national breeds and their standards. They will have to be respected by all of them and any amendment has to be communicated to the FCI. In addition, it is agreed that the FCI will take the necessary steps to establish an international directory of kennel names.
Netherlands should have been entrusted with the organisation of the 1915
General Assembly under the presidency of the Baron F.W.C.H. van Tuyl van Serooskerken.
However, while the President Du Pré had stated in March 1914: “it is a
must for us to make sure that our favourite sport can expand and develop better. We shall comply with our task, whatever the
circumstances”, the murder on June 28, 1914 of the Archduke François-Ferdinand
(Austria) in Sarajevo will drag Europe into the first World War. All the efforts towards globalisation are
ruined by this cataclysm that will hit Europe and kill 4,000,000 people between
1914 and 1918. The new-born Federation
will not survive either.
The following countries were present: Germany, represented by Baron de Plato and Baron de Rodde (Delegierten Kommission), and by Mr Georg Obreen (Kartell); Austria, represented by Baron de Plato; Belgium, represented by Mr G. De Buck, Mr G. van Muylem and Mr J. Lévita; Holland, represented by Dr A.J.J. Kloppert and Jhr. P. N. Quarles van Ufford; France, represented by Mr Gramont, the Duke of Lesparre, Count J. Clary and Baron Jaubert.
Count Bagneux, vice-president of the Société Centrale pour l’Amélioration des
Races de Chiens en France, welcomes the Federation’s delegates from abroad.
At the suggestion of Dr Kloppert, the Duke of Lesparre is nominated as the
provisional president. The minutes of the preparatory meeting held in Brussels
on March 7th, 1911 are read out by Dr Kloppert and subsequently
The president goes on to read out the statutes
proposed and approved in Brussels.
At this juncture, Baron Jaubert informs the delegates
of a proposal coming from the American Kennel Club (AKC), an association
representing 116 clubs. Its delegate, Mr Goldenberg, is requesting that the AKC
also becomes a member of the Federation. Though the examination of this request
for affiliation is postponed till a later date, it triggers a discussion which
leads to the term “European” in the Federation’s title being substituted by
“International”: the Federation would from now on be known as the “Fédération
Cynologique Internationale”. It is also decided that the general
committee could only be chosen by associations with their registered offices in
Europe and that, indicative of the apparent success of the Federation, a
deputy-secretary would also belong to the general committee, acting as
assistant to the secretary-treasurer.
With no further comments coming from members, the
president puts the adoption of the statutes as currently drafted to the vote.
Following their unanimous adoption, the president declares the Fédération
The next item on the agenda is the appointment of the general
committee for 1911. The following are appointed by a show of hands to form the FCI’s first ever general committee:
President: the Duke of Lesparre (France), Vice-president: Freiherr von Plato (Germany), Secretary-treasurer: Dr Kloppert (Netherlands), Deputy secretary: Mr Obreen (Germany)
the discussions, the assembly makes major decisions for the FCI: the creation of the title of “Champion International de Beauté” (CIB
title) as well the award called “Certificat d’Aptitude au Championnat
International de Beauté (CACIB). These awards are mentioned in the very first
version of the FCI Statutes and FCI Regulations. Another major principle, still applied today
and on which our federating system is based, is approved: the mutual recognition, by the FCI members, of the kennel names.
Acknowledgements: A well-meant thank you for contributing the pictures to Alice van Kempen,
Ron van Dijk, Wil and Els van Ommen, Margreet Bats, Jan Remmerde, Anja
Brugmans, Rob Cordes, Pauline van Vliet and Max de Gids.
This presentation was made by: Mieke van Viegen, Rob Cordes, Jan de Gids and Lia Helmers.
Dear (future) owner, Dear (future) breeder, Dear (future) judge or candidate-judge, Dear FCI media follower,
The FCI General Secretariat is thrilled to announce the launch of a brand-new FCI educational tool: the FCI Academy.
Today, we are excited to start a series of highly valuable publications: breed-specific education about FCI breeds recognised on a definitive or provisional basis.
The presentations have been prepared by the national canine organisation (member of the FCI) of the country of origin of the breed. They are based on a model (in English only) drafted by the FCI Show Judges Commission and have been approved by the FCI General Committee.
The aim is twofold: – to familiarise and educate the (future) judges and breeders, and – to promote the breeds among the general public.
The material is composed of PowerPoint presentations, sometimes accompanied by videos, when available.
The very first presentation will be about the Dutch Shepherd Dog. It will be published in the FCI Academy section of this blog on January 23rd. Don’t miss it!