Foundation of the FCI, part III: the resurrection, April 10th, 1921

It took until 10 April 1921 for a meeting reconstituting the FCI to be held in Paris, with work resuming under the presidency of the Duke of Lesparre. The Société Centrale Canine pour l’Amélioration des Races de Chiens en France is represented by the Count Clary, Duke of Lesparre and Baron Jaubert; the Société Royale Saint-Hubert is represented by Baron Houtart and Mr V. Du Pré.  The Assembly unanimously approves the Statutes and Regulations of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale and declares the foundation of the Federation.

The fee per event due to the FCI is set to 100 BEF (2.5 €) and the membership fee amounts to 500 BEF (12.5 €).  At the end of the Assembly, Count Clary is elected President and Baron Houtart, Secretary-Treasurer. Thanks to his efforts, his activity and capability, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale will have a great future.

In June 1921, the first two CACIB shows organised after the re-creation of the FCI take place in Brussels, a total of eleven CACIB’s are awarded.  In addition, the same year, the first CACIT competitions are held in Corroy-le Château (Belgium) and 1 CACIT is awarded.

On May 28th, 1922 in Paris, the FCI President, Count Clary, opens the meeting with the following words:  “Over the last seven years, our Fédération Cynologique Internationale, first in a state of lethargy, then dissolved, has lived on memories of the past, nourishing the hope of being reborn. In the silence of the war years, it seemed that all social life had stopped breathing. It gives us great pleasure to have resurrected our Federation and started its heart beating regularly again on 10 April 1921.”

The Société Royale Saint-Hubert and the Société Centrale pour l’Amélioration des Races de Chiens en France are the two associations responsible for reconstituting the FCI, helping it to regain its position and expand its work for the future of cynology.

The Dutch Raad van Beheer immediately joins in, with Spain and Italy soon to follow.

The following national associations are present at the meeting:
The Société Centrale pour l’Amélioration des Races de Chiens en France, represented by the Duke of Lesparre, Count Clary and Baron Jaubert;
The Société Royale Saint-Hubert, Union des Sociétés Canines de Belgique, represented by Mr Du Pré and Mr Albert Houtart;
The Raad van Beheer op Kynologisch Gebied in Nederland, represented by Mr G.J. van der Vliet;
The Real Sociedad Central de Fomento de las Razas Caninas en España, represented by Mr Albert Houtart;
The Kennel Club Italiano, represented by Mr Houtart.

At this meeting the members decide to create a special category of members – the so-called “associate members” – for national canine associations from countries which, due to their distance or other valid reasons, are not able to become full FCI members. Such associated members would only be bound to the Federation by the text and within the limits of specific mutually adopted agreements, including the joint recognition of pedigrees, kennel names and sanctions. Associated members would not be represented on the FCI general committee and they would only be allowed to take part in General Assemblies in a consultative capacity.

At this meeting it is pointed out that two sanctions have been taken by the Société Royale Saint-Hubert and sent to member organisations, one for a “false declaration in the drafting of a pedigree”, the other for “incorrect behaviour towards a judge in the exercise of his duties”. Things haven’t changed much since then! The 1922-23 presidency is unanimously awarded to Mr Du Pré, the 1st vice-president of the Société Royale Saint-Hubert, with Mr G.J. van der Vliet, president of the Raad van Beheer as vice-president.

Foundation of the FCI: Paris – May 22nd, 1911 – part II

1911 therefore is the year in which the FCI was founded. Its establishment is the result of the efforts of experienced and perseverant cynologists and cynophiles from Germany, Austria, Belgium, France and Holland. The economic situation at that time – often referred to as the “Belle Epoque” – is favourable for that.

Between the date of its creation and the dramatic first World War, the FCI holds different General Assemblies.  The first conference to take place after the FCI is founded is in Amsterdam, in 1912, under the presidency of the Duke of Lesparre.  In his opening speech, he refers to the mistrust of the different kennel clubs that see the FCI as a possible threat against their authority and independence. The Duke of Lesparre’s motto is “Ni conquérants, ni conspirateurs” (“neither conquerors, nor conspirators”).

The very first CACIB show ever conducted is organised in Brussels on 6-7-8 April 1912 followed by others in France (Paris and Lyon) and in The Netherlands (Amsterdam).  Simultaneoulsy, the very first CACIT trials take place in Belgium (Beuzet) and France (Sandricourt).

In Amsterdam, Dr Kloppert reports on the first financial accounts of the FCI (as of end 1911).  They show a loss of 163 Dutch Florins (80 €) which Dr Kloppert has paid himself!

The national canine organisations of Spain (Real Sociedad Canina en España), Italy (Kennel Club Italiano) and the United States of America (American Kennel Club) are accepted as FCI members, the latter under different conditions still to be worked out.

Another important decision is made and worth a mention: the elected president’s mandate starts at the end of the General Assembly.  He then manages the work and chairs the next General Assembly that will take place in his country.

The following year, in March 1913, the third General Assembly is celebrated in Berlin (Germany) under the FCI President, Lieutenant-Colonel Rausch.  The financial situation (as of end of 1912) has improved with a credit of 3.12 Dutch Florins (1.6 €)!!!

The Baron W. del Marmol (BE) is elected President.  However, for health reasons, he cannot carry out his function and the presidency is taken over by Mr Victor Du Pré.

The 1914 General Assembly takes place in Brussels, on March 30.  Mr Du Pré praises the deceased President and informs, regretfully, that Dr Kloppert, who has been the cement of the FCI foundation, has decided to retire.  The Baron Houtart (Belgium) is given the post of “Secretary-Treasurer” for a 3-year period

Every (federated) member provides the FCI with the list of their national breeds and their standards.  They will have to be respected by all of them and any amendment has to be communicated to the FCI.  In addition, it is agreed that the FCI will take the necessary steps to establish an international directory of kennel names.

The Netherlands should have been entrusted with the organisation of the 1915 General Assembly under the presidency of the Baron F.W.C.H. van Tuyl van Serooskerken.  However, while the President Du Pré had stated in March 1914: “it is a must for us to make sure that our favourite sport can expand and develop better.  We shall comply with our task, whatever the circumstances”, the murder on June 28, 1914 of the Archduke François-Ferdinand (Austria) in Sarajevo will drag Europe into the first World War.  All the efforts towards globalisation are ruined by this cataclysm that will hit Europe and kill 4,000,000 people between 1914 and 1918.  The new-born Federation will not survive either.

FCI Academy: breed-specific education – Istrian hounds (Istarski kratkodlaki)

Dear readers,

Please find below FCI Academy’s introduction to the Istrian hounds (Istarski kratkodlaki), FCI standard nr 151 and 152

Acknowledgements:
Croatian kennel club confirms copyright of the pictures,
with special acknowledgement to the dogs’owners whose photographs were used in
the presentation.

Breed-specific education video: the Istrian hounds (Istarski kratkodlaki).

Foundation of the FCI: Paris – May 22nd, 1911

The following countries were present:
Germany, represented by Baron de Plato and Baron de Rodde (Delegierten Kommission), and by Mr Georg Obreen (Kartell);
Austria, represented by Baron de Plato;
Belgium, represented by Mr G. De Buck, Mr G. van Muylem and Mr J. Lévita;
Holland, represented by Dr A.J.J. Kloppert and Jhr. P. N. Quarles van Ufford;
France, represented by Mr Gramont, the Duke of Lesparre, Count J. Clary and Baron Jaubert.

Count Bagneux, vice-president of the Société Centrale pour l’Amélioration des Races de Chiens en France, welcomes the Federation’s delegates from abroad. At the suggestion of Dr Kloppert, the Duke of Lesparre is nominated as the provisional president. The minutes of the preparatory meeting held in Brussels on March 7th, 1911 are read out by Dr Kloppert and subsequently adopted.

The president goes on to read out the statutes proposed and approved in Brussels.

At this juncture, Baron Jaubert informs the delegates of a proposal coming from the American Kennel Club (AKC), an association representing 116 clubs. Its delegate, Mr Goldenberg, is requesting that the AKC also becomes a member of the Federation. Though the examination of this request for affiliation is postponed till a later date, it triggers a discussion which leads to the term “European” in the Federation’s title being substituted by “International”: the Federation would from now on be known as the “Fédération Cynologique Internationale”. It is also decided that the general committee could only be chosen by associations with their registered offices in Europe and that, indicative of the apparent success of the Federation, a deputy-secretary would also belong to the general committee, acting as assistant to the secretary-treasurer.

With no further comments coming from members, the president puts the adoption of the statutes as currently drafted to the vote. Following their unanimous adoption, the president declares the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) constituted!

The next item on the agenda is the appointment of the general committee for 1911. The following are appointed by a show of hands to form the FCI’s first ever general committee:

President: the Duke of Lesparre (France),
Vice-president: Freiherr von Plato (Germany),
Secretary-treasurer: Dr Kloppert (Netherlands),
Deputy secretary: Mr Obreen (Germany)

During the discussions, the assembly makes major decisions for the FCI: the creation of the title of “Champion International de Beauté” (CIB title) as well the award called “Certificat d’Aptitude au Championnat International de Beauté (CACIB).  These awards are mentioned in the very first version of the FCI Statutes and FCI Regulations.  Another major principle, still applied today and on which our federating system is based, is approved: the mutual recognition, by the FCI members, of the kennel names.

FCI Academy: breed-specific education – The Croatian shepherd dog (Hrvatski Ovčar)

Dear readers,

Please find below FCI Academy’s introduction to the Croatian shepherd dog (Hrvatski Ovčar), FCI standard nr 277

Acknowledgements:
Croatian kennel club confirms copyright of the pictures,
with special acknowledgement to the dogs’owners whose photographs were used in
the presentation.

Breed-specific education video: the Croatian shepherd dog (Hrvatski Ovčar).

FCI Academy: breed-specific education – The Dutch shepherd dog

Dear readers,

Please find below FCI Academy’s introduction to the Dutch Shepherd Dog, FCI standard nr 223:

Acknowledgements:
A well-meant thank you for contributing the pictures to Alice van Kempen, Ron van Dijk, Wil and Els van Ommen, Margreet Bats, Jan Remmerde, Anja Brugmans, Rob Cordes, Pauline van Vliet and Max de Gids.

This presentation was made by: Mieke van Viegen, Rob Cordes, Jan de Gids and Lia Helmers.

Breed-specific education: The Dutch shepherd dog (Hollandse Herdershond)

FCI launches new educational tool: the FCI Academy!

Dear (future) owner,
Dear (future) breeder,
Dear (future) judge or candidate-judge,
Dear FCI media follower,

The FCI General Secretariat is thrilled to announce the launch of a brand-new FCI educational tool: the FCI Academy.

Today, we are excited to start a series of highly valuable publications:
breed-specific education about FCI breeds recognised on a definitive or provisional basis. 

The presentations have been prepared by the national canine organisation (member of the FCI) of the country of origin of the breed.  They are based on a model (in English only) drafted by the FCI Show Judges Commission and have been approved by the FCI General Committee.

The aim is twofold:
– to familiarise and educate the (future) judges and breeders, and
– to promote the breeds among the general public.

The material is composed of PowerPoint presentations, sometimes accompanied by videos, when available.

The very first presentation will be about the Dutch Shepherd Dog. It will be published in the FCI Academy section of this blog on January 23rd. Don’t miss it!

We wish you a pleasant time at the FCI Academy!

FCI announces its 2nd World Congress for Show Judges

The congress will take place on 24-25 June 2019 in the framework of the FCI Americas and the Caribbean Section shows (20-23 June) at “Mundo Imperial Acapulco” exhibition centre.

All Judges around the world are invited to participate! All participants will receive a very special recognition with curricular value, signed by FCI President, Mr Rafael de Santiago.

The judges are reminded that, according to FCI rules, it is necessary for all international judges officiating all over the world as representatives of the FCI to attend this type of congress to keep up to date.

Well-known judges will be the speakers during 2 days, about topics of great interest to the international judges willing to update their knowledge: behaviour, health, genetic predispositoon to hereditary diseases, nomenclature of colours and coats, evaluation in statics and dynamics, hypertypes and evaluation of the dogs, among other.

Full programme and information leaflet available here!

 

More than 100 years of FCI archives: aren’t we lucky?

One of the most impressive things about the FCI is that, being a hundred-year-old federation, it can be considered as one of the probably restricted number of existing international organisations being able to legitimately claim to be an authentic witness of the last 100 years of contemporary history!

How lucky we are to have access to the full FCI archives! They constitute a treasure of documents, pictures and historic testimonies, not only of FCI’s history, but also of the FCI members’.

Today, we would like to introduce you to a very nice piece of art which has its place in our modest museum: the FCI bronze plate.

In 1928, the FCI decided to have bronze plates produced: two of them were offered to the organisers of every CACIB show and CACIT trial.  The organisers then chose among all the winning dogs of a CACIB or a CACIT to offer them a bronze plate.  The FCI also kept a stock of plates which were available for sale.  154 were sold in 1937 and 333 in 1938.  The FCI stopped the production of the plate in 1947…

The nice thing about it is that a few years ago, in 2009, the FCI Office was contacted by a Dutch person, dog lover, who informed us that he had found such a plate on a flea market in The Netherlands!  The current FCI staff was not aware of the existence of this plate and research had to be made in the very old minutes of the Assemblies; that is how we found information about its creation in 1927!

The plate had been made by a famous Belgian caster called Léon Batardy.  Our thrilling research allowed us to find out that the plate is a reproduction of a painting: one of Saint Hubert’s Miracles, conserved in the Belgian chapel Saint Hubert à la Converserie, in Champlon.

The Dutch dog lover kindly accepted to send us the plate he had bought on the flea market and the FCI Office had it reproduced in its original format, shape and look.  Such a plate was offered to one of the winners of the FCI Centenary World Champion of Champions held in Brussels in November 2011, on the occasion of the FCI centenary.

Hypertypes and breed standards in dogs: a matter of balance by Claude GUINTARD (1) and Anne-Marie CLASS (2)

Full text of the article in its original language (French).

ABSTRACT

Hypertype in the canine species has been subject to a lot of thoughts and many publications but the novelty of this work is that it associates two complementary points of view, namely the breeder’s and judge’s and on the other hand the anatomist’s and vet’s.

If at shows, the worship of beauty, driven to exaggeration, has taken the step on fitness, one can wonder which tools would be able to avoid these phenomena that are detrimental to the well-being, indeed the soundness of the dogs produced.

The standard lever is often put forward; however, one can wonder whether it is not the interpretation of it (or sometimes the lack of meticulous reading) more than the standards themselves which is the cause of these phenomena.

The writing of the current standards, according to the FCI template, should not be able to lead to hypertypes, it is all about valuation and balance from the various players of the dog world.

Tools other than standards are clearly available to fight against hypertypes, the authors will only enounce them without developing.

 

Key words: Dogs, hypertype, standards, selection, cynology.

 

(1) Doctor of veterinary medicine, in charge of Unité d’Anatomie Comparée, École Nationale Vétérinaire de Nantes – Oniris, Member of the Standards Commission of Société Centrale Canine, Member of the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) Standards Commission.

(2) Secretary General of the Société Centrale Canine, President of Club Français du Bullmastiff et du Mastiff, chemist.